Working proactively to improve the day-to-day lives of people living with diabetes, Diabetes NSW & ACT provide much-needed information and support. They have answered some of the most frequently asked questions about diabetes.
Q: What are some of the key symptoms of type 1 diabetes?
A: The symptoms of type 1 diabetes are often referred to as the 4T’s – thirsty, tired, toilet (i.e. excessive urination) and thinner.
Q: What care and management options are available for people with type 1 diabetes?
A: People with type 1 diabetes depend on insulin every day of their lives to replace the insulin the body cannot produce. They must test their blood glucose levels several times throughout the day.
Q: Is there a specific cause of type 1 diabetes?
A: Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease for which there is no known cause or cure
As at 30 September 2018, 832,570 people with diabetes were aged 60 years or older.
Q: There are some serious complications which can emerge if diabetes is not managed correctly. What are some of these potential complications?
A: Potential complications from diabetes include kidney disease, vision impairment and blindness, amputation, heart disease and stroke.
Q: What are some of the key symptoms of type 2 diabetes?
A: The key symptoms for type 2 diabetes include thirst, tiredness, excessive urination, blurred vision, skin infections, tingling and numbness in the feet
A: Type 2 diabetes is generally managed with lifestyle (healthy eating, exercise). It may require diabetes medication and overtime insulin therapy
Q: Is there a specific cause of type 2 diabetes?
A: Type 2 diabetes Occurs when the pancreas is not producing enough insulin and the insulin is not working effectively.
Q: What are some of the risk factors for type 2 diabetes?
A: Risk factors include age, family history, ethnic background and being overweight – particularly around the waist
Q: How can people help mitigate their likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes?
A: While there are a number of risk factors which can’t be avoided (eg: family history, age and ethnicity) leading a healthy lifestyle. Eating well and exercising can help reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Q: Generally speaking, what are the key things to remember when it comes to managing diabetes in terms of lifestyle and overall health?
A: Eat well. The diet should include a broad range of fresh fruit and vegetables, lean proteins, fibre and good sources of carbohydrate.
– Limit access to sugars and highly processed food.
– Exercise regularly, at least 30 minutes each day.
– Manage mental health and wellbeing.
Annual diagnosis rate: 298 people are diagnosed with diabetes every day. Almost 108,000 people were diagnosed with diabetes over the past 12 months
People with diabetes as a percentage of the overall population: 1.29 million people are living with diabetes: This is approximately 5% of the overall population.
The percentage split between type 1 and type 2 diabetes in terms of diagnosed persons: 87% of the population live with type 2 diabetes, 10% with type 1 and 3% with gestational diabetes